Thursday, 4 October 2012

Apolinario Mabini

1st Prime Minister of the Philippines
In office
January 23, 1899 – May 7, 1899
President Emilio Aguinaldo
Deputy Pedro Paterno
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Pedro Paterno
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
January 23, 1899 – December 10, 1899
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Apolinario Mabini
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
December 11, 1899 – April 1, 1901
Preceded by Apolinario Mabini
Succeeded by Position abolished
Post restored in 1946 and later held by Elpidio Quirino
Personal details
Born July 22, 1864
Talaga, Philippines
Died May 13, 1903 (aged 38)
Manila, Philippines
Political party Katipunan
Alma mater San Juan de Letran College
University of Santo Tomas
Profession Lawyer
Religion Philippine Independent Church

His contribution in the field of Philippine History

           The life of Apolinario Mabini is not that easy he became the right hand of Emilio Aguinaldo where he was also considered as the most loyal employee and a friend of him.In fact during the battle of Aguinaldo by the Spaniards  he was the  one to appoint himself at the center of the battle .He is also known as the first major general during the Presidential years of Emilio Aguinaldo.

He is a hero that is not  easily to be forgotten by many Filipinos,because at the very last part of his breath he dedicated his life to the Filipinos  he disguised the Spanish  so that the Emilio wont lost his life and in order for them to attain independence against the Spaniards  .
Imagine living a life with this that is full of traumatic situation can you still risk your life for the goodness of your countrymen?But this hero never look at for just himself .instead hes looking forward for the brighter future of the Filipinos  and for the next generation.

Mabini began informal studies under his maternal grandfather, who was the village teacher and his mother . Because he demonstrated uncommon intelligence, he was transferred to a regular school owned by Simplicio Avelino, where he worked as a houseboy, and also took odd jobs from a local tailor - all in exchange for free board and lodging. He later transferred to a school conducted by the Fray Valerio Malabanan, whose fame as an educator merited a mention in José Rizal's novel El Filibusterismo.
In 1881 Mabini received a scholarship to go to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila. An anecdote about his stay there says that a professor there decided to pick on him because his shabby clothing clearly showed he was poor. Mabini amazed the professor by answering a series of very difficult questions with ease. His studies at Letran were periodically interrupted by a chronic lack of funds, and he earned money for his board and lodging by teaching children.

The 1896 Revolution
Believing that the Reform Movement still had a chance to achieve success, Mabini did not immediately support the Philippine Revolution. He became part of the La Liga Filipina wherein they would write instead of revolt and chose that they would rather be a colony of Spain rather than having a big revolution for their freedom. When José Rizal, part of the "La Liga Filipina", was executed in December that year, however, he changed his mind and gave the revolution his wholehearted support.
In 1898, while vacationing in Los Baños, Laguna, Emilio Aguinaldo sent for him. It took hundreds of men taking turns carrying his hammock to portage Mabini to Kawit. Aguinaldo, upon seeing Mabini's physical condition, must have entertained second thoughts in calling for his help.
Mabini was most active during the Spanish–American War when he served as the chief adviser for General Aguinaldo after the Philippine Declaration of Independence on June 12. He drafted decrees and edited the first ever constitution in Asia (the Malolos Constitution) for the First Philippine Republic, including the framework of the revolutionary government which was implemented in Malolos in 1899.

Prime Minister of the Philippines
Apolinario Mabini was appointed prime minister and was also foreign minister of the newly independent dictatorial government of Aguinaldo on January 2, 1899. Eventually, the government declared the first Philippine republic in appropriate ceremonies on January 23, 1899. Mabini then led the first cabinet of the republic.
Mabini found himself in the center of the most critical period in the new country's history, grappling with problems until then unimagined. Most notable of these were his negotiations with Americans, which began on March 6, 1899. The United States and the Philippine Republic were embroiled in extremely contentious and eventually violent confrontations. During the negotiations for peace, Americans proffered Mabini autonomy for Aguinaldo's new government, but the talks failed because Mabini’s conditions included a ceasefire, which was rejected. Mabini negotiated once again, seeking for an armistice instead, but the talks failed yet again. Eventually, feeling that the Americans were not negotiating 'bona fide,' he forswore the Americans, rallied the people, and supported war. He resigned from government on May 7, 1899.

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